What is shin pain or shin splits?

Shin pain (often referred to as shin splints), is most commonly experienced by runners and walkers. Shin pain can come on due to a bone stress, inflammation at the muscle insertion into the tibia or compartment syndrome. Shin pain most commonly occurs secondary to abnormal biomechanics, either a very rigid foot or excessive pronation (flat feet), or due to tight calf muscles. Other reasons for shin pain can include:

  • Stress fractures
  • Medial tibial stress syndrome (pain on the inside edge of the shin)
  • Compartment syndrome

How is it treated?

Treatment of shin pain depends on the exact diagnosis. Your Physiotherapist will assess and be able to provide you with a diagnosis. Treatment initially includes soft tissue release of tight muscles, dry needling plus, ice therapy and sometimes taping. Rest from the particular aggravating activity may also be required.

How long does it take to get better?

This also depends on the diagnosis. Stress fractures can take upward of 6-10 weeks to recover, where some shin pain can resolve within a few weeks. Your Physiotherapist will be able to give you a prognosis based on the assessment findings.

If you are struggling with shin pain, Ergoworks Physiotherapy can help you on the road to recovery.

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